Wie kann man den Klimawandel inhaltlich und formal neu erzählen und am Beispiel der Stadt erfahrbar machen? Eine Veranstaltungsreihe der Climate Media Factory, bestehend aus Vorlesungen, Autoren-Workshop und Story-Präsentation, erkundete diese Frage beim BMW Guggenheim Lab.
Wir, die Climate Media Factory, danken herzlich den Referent/innen, dem Team des BMW Guggenheim Labs, den Workshop-Teilnehmern und Besuchern. Vielen Dank außerdem an Christiane Hütter (Invisible Playground) und Nadine Kuhla von Bergmann (TU Berlin, Young Cities), die die Veranstaltungsreihe mitgestaltet haben sowie anJella Trenkelbach und Hannah Lisa Linsmaier vom interkulturellen Dachgarten Himmelbeet und an die Baugruppe des Mehrgenerationen-Passivhauses in der Schönholzer Straße.
Ein Rückblick in Bildern zur “Tell Your City”-Reihe:
Wolfgang Schade, Leiter des Geschäftsfeldes Verkehrssysteme am Fraunhofer-Institut für System- und Innovationsforschung ISI in Karlsruhe referierte über Mobilität in der Stadt von morgen.
Matthias Lüdeke, Klimawissenschaftler am Potsdam-Institut für Klimafolgenforschung, diskutierte mit den Besuchern über den Klimawandel in Berlin und anderen Großstädten.
Bernd Hezel stellte die Climate Media Factory vor…
…und Florian Krauß, Medienwissenschaftler bei der Climate Media Factory, führte in “Tell Your City” ein.
Dorothea Martin vom Transmedia-Storytelling-Netzwerk imaginary friends referierte mit Ihrem Kollegen über collaborative und location-based storytelling.
Wissenschaftliche Abhandlungen, mit Fakten aufgeladene Darstellungen, Zahlenkolonnen: Abstrakte Themenfelder wie Klimawandel und Nachhaltigkeit provozieren schnell ein Gähnen.
Geschichten über Menschen, die wie wir ihre alltägliche Erfahrungen sammeln, die mit den Umständen und mit sich selbst kämpfen, die siegen und scheitern, lassen uns hingegen über unser eigenes Leben nachdenken. Und führen vielleicht dazu, dass wir unser Verhalten ändern. Aber wie werden heutzutage Geschichten geschrieben?
“Tell Your City” erkundet, wie wir den Klimawandel inhaltlich und formal neu erzählen und am Beispiel der Stadt erfahrbar machen können. Das Projekt startete mit einer Veranstaltungsreihe beim BMW Guggenheim Lab, die aus Lectures, Autoren-Workshop und Story-Stadtführung bestand.
Tell Your City is a transmedia project that explores new ways of story development: interdisciplinary, transnational, collaborative and online. On the internet and in workshops, accompanied by various experts, authors are going to develop narratives on climate change and cities. A complex story universe and a new mode of presenting knowledge will arise: with surprising connections between different phenomena and with individual stories for global issues.
We believe one can tell today’s globalization and its contradictory processes particularly within urban setting. Namely, cities embrace various lifestyles and shape our future. They will decide about the dimensions on climate change and will be affected by its impacts to a special degree. By telling your city you will make the abstract issue climate change concrete, writing locally, thinking globally.
Tell Your City ist ein Projekt der Climate Media Factory.
Poiesipedia: a free, internet-based collaborative encyclopedia aimed at creating fictional as opposed to factual content
ThumbScribes: a platform for creating collaborative content
Novlet: collaborative writing of non-linear stories
Folding Story: a group storytelling game
Storybird is on creating picture books.
Ficly: “a collaborative environment where anyone can pick up a narrative thread and weave a prequel or sequel”
WikiStory: Wiki for storytelling
Storymash: platform for collaborative fiction
Dr. Bernd Hezel, physicist, Climate Media Factory / Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research:
Burning all the existing fossile fuel would change the face of the earth dramatically. This alone should be motivation enough to rethink the way we move from here to there. Certainly, though, there are loads of other reasons why this could be a good idea: Traffic jams, accidents, exhaust fumes, noise, smog, parking stress, heaps of wasted time… If we reinvent transport we could end up in increasing our quality of life considerably.
Hence: “The car is dead.” Or should it read: “The car must die”? A vision for a sustainable transport system should certainly involve more descriptive and constructive statements than that!
The connectedness of mobility with other issues disqualifies simple answers. As an example, different means of transportation and persistent personal mobility habits shape city structures. A smart design of neighborhoods and cities, on the other hand, could allow for the ascent of different modes of transport.
Let’s tell stories involving the forerunners of car-sharing, multi modality, “slow movement”. Stories about the shift of societal values and new mobility paradigms.
Projects and people:
Stop A 100!, Bürgerinitiative Stadtring Süd (BISS), local initiative against the extension of the Berlin city highway
Autofrei leben, initiative for living without a car
Berlin bamboo bikes: build your bike with bamboo
Future on wings, sustainable development from the bird’s perspective
SolarPolis, city tours with solar boats
Urban mobility, alternative ways of travelling
Rickshaw driver in Berlin
GHG-TransPoRD, research project on educing greenhouse-gas emissions of transport beyond 2020
Berlin Atlas paradoxaler Mobilität: maps, essays, interviews etc. on mobility cultures
Maps on mobility in Berlin
Information on mobility on Klimaschutz Stadtvertrag
BUND für Umwelt und Naturschutz Berlin on mobility
“Reisen in Zeiten des Klimawandels” (Travelling in the age of climate change), article in “Fluter”
Blog “Zukunft Mobilität”
Photographs: Krauß 2011, Hezel 2010 / Icons: Müller 2012
Nadine Kuhla von Bergmann, urban planner, Young Cities / TU Berlin:
The individual and experimental citizens of Berlin are repeatedly taking everyone by surprise because of their innovative ecological and climate-sensitive initiatives. The events organised by initiatives such as Kulturlabor trial & error and TransitionTown are filling the weekend agendas of their followers and are confirming the overwhelming commitment and creativity of their founders. Have you ever danced silently in the streets to demonstrate your environmental awareness? The Silent Climate Parade has been taking place in Berlin since 2009 and proves that active climate mitigation strategies can be fun.
Berlin – a city with metropolitan gestures - is characterised by its local city centres and a community life in the Berliner Kieze (neighbourhoods). Any transformation of the Kiez-life is triggered by their local activists, so that the neighbourhood territory becomes an ideal urban incubator for social interventions and urban development processes, driven by their inhabitants, administrations and local stakeholders. Therefore, neighbourhoods are most suitable to implement and practise successful climate change mitigation or adaptation strategies while incorporating the social dimension of climate change. Neighbourhood based communities will play a future key role in the transformation process that is needed to create low carbon cities.
The creative social assets of Berlin’s neighbourhoods carry tremendous potential to pave the way for many environmental and climate friendly urban developments. Documenting and spreading public awareness about these civil movements is crucial for their success.
On this basis, we would like to concentrate on the following aspects within the workshop:
Projects and people:
Kiezbündnis Klausener Platz: Ökokiez 2020, climate protection in Berlin-Charlottenburg
Effizienzhaus Plus, energy house in Berlin-Charlottenburg
Berliner Energietisch, initiative for recommunalization of energy supply in Berlin
Bürgerinitiative Zwischen den Gleisen, local initiative against the development of an abandoned area in Charlottenburg
Grünzüge für Berlin, an initiative trying to connect all green areas in Berlin
Kulturlabor Trial&Error, a collective of designers, artists, thinkers and doers
Yesil Cember, migrant environmental group
Solidarische Stadt – Genossenschaftliche Handlungsmöglichkeiten in Zeiten des Klimawandels (Forschungsprojekt)
Klimaschutz Stadtvertrag: information on insulating for tenants and homeowners etc.
GRaBS: Green and Blue Space Adaptation for Urban Areas and Eco Towns
Gentrifidingsbums oder eine Stadt für alle, book on gentrification by Christoph Twickel: He argues climate protection can contribute in gentrifying city districts.
Gentrificationblog by urban sociologist Andrej Holm
Urbanophil, Netzwerk für urbane Kultur
Photographs: Krauß 2011, Hezel 2010 / Icons: Müller 2012
Mitigation and adaptation strategies regarding climate change challenge the present way of consumption especially in Western countries. How can we find new ways of consuming and producing within cities? Particularly food is a crucial field with many options.
Heike Munderloh, geographer, Climate Media Factory / Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research writes:
Our food system is a very significant contributor to greenhouse gas emissions. The emissions come not only from the transport of food but also from every stage of the chain, such as the conversion of land to agricultural use, the energy used to make fertilisers, pesticides and farm machinery, the impact of agriculture on the soil (a natural carbon store), food processing, transport, refrigeration, retail, domestic use of food and waste from all the different stages.
A growing body of evidence indicates that emissions from the food sector can be significantly reduced if we would follow the points below:
Less meat and dairy, and more food from plants:
Local and seasonal food:
Food, such as organic, grown without artificial chemical:
Projects and people:
Urbanacker, platform for urban farming
Stadt macht satt, more ideas for producing food within the city
Allmende-Kontor, Urban Gardening on Tempelhofer Feld
Fördergemeinschaft Ökologischer Landbau Berlin-Brandenburg, information on organic agriculture
Food Cooperatives (Food Coops), for example Wurzelwerk in Berlin-Friedrichshain
Time/food, an unofficial restaurant, offering lunch every other Sunday in exchange for time credits
Systemfehler, a platform for “solidary economy”
Kunst-Stoffe, center for reusable materials
Carrot mob Berlin, shopping for the environment protection
Mundraub, a platform on common fruit resources
Green Music Initiative, consuming music in a sustainable way
inFarming, agriculture on rooftops
Urban Gardening: Über die Rückkehr der Gärten in die Stadt
trial on meat consumption and climate change by Potsdam-Institute for climate impact research
Öko-Fair, information on ecofriendly and fair consumption
“Klimawandel und Kulturlandschaft Berlin”: this trial also names important future trends for agriculture in Berlin and Brandenburg
More on FabLabs for example in the current issue of Le Monde diplomatique
Elinor Ostrom: “Was wird mehr, wenn wir teilen”
Blog “Berlin is(s)t Bio”
Photographs: Krauß 2006 / Icons: Müller 2012
Explore collaborative story projects and existing ways of telling cities and climate change. Get inspired!
Berlin maps on different subjects, energy, climate, water etc. can be found in the “Digitaler Umweltatlas Berlin”.
The platform Green Map lists different “green” projects and initiatives worldwide, among them many places in Berlin.
I’m a city changer is a worldwide campaign with the aim of sensitizing and creating awareness among citizens on urban issues to achieve better cities.
bewegung.taz is a platform for various social/political groups.
Harden Up -Protecting Queensland is a Green Cross Australia led multi-stakeholder partnership to deploy cutting edge social networking tools and Australia’s best climate research to encourage Queenslanders to assess their vulnerability to key natural disaster hazards and to take practical action to become more self-reliant.
Community Voice wants people “to share their experiences of identity—both self-identity and cultural identity—in a video recording booth”.
FILMS ON CITIES:
The UCL Urban Laboratory Film Society explores the work of filmmakers that have depicted cities, the urban landscape, and life in urban societies. For the specific approach of cinematic city symphonies check the current Magical History Tour in Arsenal cinema Berlin.
FILMS ON GENTRIFICATION AND CITY CHANGES:
Eine flexible Frau (Germany 2010, Tatjana Turanskyj) is hardly a film about climate change, but it deals with crucial issues of urban politics, particularly with architecture and gentrification in today’s Berlin. For a look back on urban development in West Berlin see for example “Berlin Chamissoplatz” (Germany 1980, Rudolf Thome). It tells the love story between the architect Martin and the student Anna who fights against demoloshing old buildings in Kreuzberg.
FILMS IN BERLIN:
Various films are set in Berlin. See for example the corresponding Wikipedia list. An early example is the silent Kiez-Drama “Die letzte Droschke von Berlin” (Germany 1926, Carl Boese) portraying an old coachman who looses his jobs due to the triumphal march of the car. Almost 100 years later, how will mobility change in Berlin again?
FILMS IN MUMBAI:
Beyond well-known clichés of the Western gaze on Bollywood, “Dhobi Ghat” (“Bombay Diaries”, India 2010, Kiran Rao) portrays Mumbai/Bombay (the next setting of the BMW Guggenheim Lab, by the way).
Books and Magazines
A fictional diary in the German magazine Fluter tells how climate change will shape our everyday lifes in the future.
J. G. Billard outlines a postfossil society in his story “The Ultimate City” (“Die ideale Stadt”).
“Über Lebenskunst” explores climate change from a philosophical and postcolonial gaze. An anthology for the culture project “Über Lebenskunst” in Haus der Kulturen der Welt Berlin.
Walter Berglund, the “hero” in Jonathan Franzen’s “Freedom” reads “The Limits of Growth” in his youth and decides not to beget any children in this world. But then everything turns out different and Walter is close to green washing. Franzen’s novel is a brilliant example for telling complex issues such as overpopulation and climate change in a fictional, entertaining way with multifaceted characters.
Get to know the lab’s next location by reading Suketu Mehta’s multi-layered portrait of Mumbai/Bombay “Bombay: Maximum City”.
Narrating futures at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München: “This project identifies a new, hitherto uncharted and unexplored field within Narratology: future narratives.”
Remix the book expands the concept of scholarly writing and publishing to include multimedia art forms composed for networked and mobile media environments.
Stadt der Ströme / City of flow is an international conference in July 2012, organised by the “City Climate Potsdam” Innovation Institute at Fachhochschule Potsdam.
Photograph: Krauß 2010